Root canal treatment is needed when the soft tissue under the root of the tooth becomes inflamed or infected causing high sensitivity and pain when eating and drinking or with air making contact with the affected tooth. This soft tissue called the “pulp” contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue and helps to grow the root of your tooth during tooth development stage and is no longer needed once the tooth is fully developed. The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes such as deep decay, faulty crowns, a crack/ chip in the tooth or in some cases due to possible trauma to a tooth causing pulp damage even if no visible damage can be seen on the tooth.. Non treatment of this inflammation or infection can cause abscess and result in the eventual extraction requirement of the tooth whereas a tooth canal treated tooth can often last as long as all other natural teeth.
Why we do not remove the tooth?
Contrary to the belief that “Root canal treatments are painful and that it would be easier to have the tooth removed” Root canal treatment actually relieves the existing pain by treating the source whilst saving the natural tooth which can be used for a life time.
Advantages of a root canal treatment:
– Safe and effective procedure to eliminate bacteria from the infected root canal
– Prevents re-infection
– Saves the natural tooth